HIST 1700 Signature Assignment
Describe the origins and development of slavery in the Virginia Colony.
Slavery in Virginia was a trend that spread quickly throughout the colony. Many factors made slavery possible in Virginia. Some of the key factors that lead to the development of slavery were the supply of labor, the cost of labor, the lifespan of colonists, and racism (Davidson). Indentured servants supplied the majority of labor in Virginia before the 1660’s. Dutch and English ships brought slaves over from Africa in continually increasing numbers by the turn of the 18th century where they were sold to Virginian colonists and gradually replaced the indentured servant workforce on large tobacco plantations (Hoskisson). As slaves, they were not working by agreement, nor for a limited time, and with the decreasing mortality rate and expansion in the Virginia Colony, the practice of slavery because a major economic factor for tobacco plantations. (Davidson)
How did the origins and development of African slavery in Dutch New Amsterdam differ from the origins and development of African slavery in the Carolinas?
Slavery in New Amsterdam began when the Dutch West India Company imported 11 African slaves in 1626, with the first slave auction being held in New Amsterdam in 1655. Slavery in New Amsterdam began much earlier than it did in Virginia, and was much more prevalent early on. Dutch New Amsterdam slavery practices were also different in that a very small minority of slaves was “freer” than others. They were given their own parcels of land to farm off of and even profit from. No such institution existed in the Virginia Colony.
What did James Madison regard as the chief advantage of a large republic? On what grounds did “Brutus” argue against large republics?
In the first document, James Madison believed that the chief advantage of a large republic was that it would speak for a whole people and would be less prone to corruption. Madison held that it would be harder for corrupt representatives to hold power as they would be held in check by the other representatives, even other branches of government. In the second document, Brutus argues that within a country of such immense size and population that a representative could not actually represent all of the different views of their constituency and that being removed further from them, the public’s confidence in the government would wane and laws passed in legislature could not be upheld without military force.
Davidson, DeLay, Heyerman, Lytle, Stoff. Experience History: Interpreting America's Past. Vol. 1. McGraw-Hill, 2011. 2 vols.
Hoskisson, Tamara. Lecture 31 1 2013.